Spiders | Pest Control for Spiders
There are not many other little creatures that frighten individuals more so than spiders do. Most all of us have had the occasion to inadvertently walk into a spider web; with it wrapped around our face or bodies, we go into a frenzy trying to remove it. And the whole time we’re wondering if the little creature is somewhere on us!
Spiders have eight legs, but do not have wings or antennae. Some like moisture and are found in basements, crawl spaces, and other damp areas of buildings. Others like dry, warm areas such as the air vents in your floor, or upper corners in the room and attics. Many of them like to hide in dark areas.
There are many interesting facts about spiders, that the average person is unaware. Some examples:
- The true “Daddy Long Legs” is not even a true spider. It’s a relative of spiders though, called a Harvestman. It’s not venomous and cannot bite humans. It’s a scavenger in nature.
- The “Theraphosa leblondi”, a tarantula found in South America is the largest spider in the world. One species of this tarantula has a leg span of over 11 inches! In addition, a female tarantula found in South America weighs in at 1/3 of a pound and has fangs 1 inch long!
- As for the most dangerous spider to humans world, it very well may be the Sydney Funnel Web Spider (Atrax robustus). Its venom is so potent and fast-acting that they could potentially kill a small child within 15 minutes. Since an anti-venom was developed for them there have been no more human deaths.
- There is a dance called the “tarantula”, that folks in ancient times would do when bitten by a very large spider. The name of this spider comes from the dance! The belief was that by dancing wildly, the activity would save their lives and limit the effect of the venom.
- Spider silk is extremely strong and flexible. It can be stretched up to 25% of its own length. Spider silk from house spiders has been used to close wounds, by placing a matt of it over the wound!
- Spiders are all meat eaters, and use various methods to capture their food
House spiders are the most frequently found inside your home. Of course most people would prefer to not have them in their residence, but they are not necessarily lethal to humans. Some of the more common spiders found inside homes are:
Common House Spider
You typically will know that you have these common pests by the formation of cobwebs. The silk thread structure can be found throughout infested homes. This spider will spin many webs in various locations so that it can find the most suitable location to catch prey!
The mature house spider lives for approximately one year, and the females can generate up to 3,000 eggs during this time. Male and female house spiders may choose to cohabitate and mate numerous times.
Brown House Spider
The Brown house spider is also called a Cupboard spider and Dark comb-footed spider. Since it is one of several spider species that people tend to confuse with the infamous Black widow spider, it is sometimes referred to as False black widow spider; and epithet that it shares with many other American spider species.
The Brown house spider is found in many different parts of the world, including Europe, North America, Australia and New Zealand. In the wild, the Brown house spider will typically create its web under rocks and among timber. It derives its name from its fondness of man made constructions and Brown house spider webs are often found in dark and generally undisturbed parts of humans dwellings, such as garages, tool sheds, and behind furniture.
Red House Spider
This species builds a small, tangled web in dark corners if inside a house or under rims of garden pots and similar structures; its round egg sac is often found nearby. The web also serves as a retreat.
The main distinguishing characteristics of this spider are the dark brown and slightly mottled, globular abdomen and the red-brown color of the legs and front half of the spider. If bitten by this spider, it’s possible to experience some localized pain!
Southern House Spider
The Southern house spider is a species of the large North American spider which exhibit strong sexual dimorphism. The males very closely resemble brown recluses, having similar coloration and body structure, though they have slender bodies and are uniformly brown, unlike the brown recluse. The females are dark brown or black and more compact. Both sexes may grow to be roughly 2 inches (5.1 cm) across (legs extended), with the males typically having longer legs, and the females often having larger, bulbous bodies. The abdomen of the southern house spider is covered with fine velvety light gray hair.
Female southern house spiders are rarely seen, as they build radial webs around crevices, for which reason their family (Filistatidae) is called crevice weavers. Females seldom move except to capture prey caught in their webs. Males, on the other hand, typically wander in search of insects and females to mate with, having no particular territory.
Male southern house spiders sometimes appear aggressive, but they do not bite unless trapped, and their mouthparts are too small to easily penetrate human skin. They do, however, have an unnerving tendency to crawl across anything in their path regardless of whether it is alive. This is not aggression; these spiders are simply nearly blind and cannot see larger animals. Indeed, these spiders instinctively play dead if they feel threatened (a tactic which is effective against their common predators).
Domestic House Spider
These spiders are close relatives of the Hobo Spider. They similar in appearance with dark orange, brown, beige, or gray coloring. Their markings include long, dull longitudinal stripes and an argyle looking pattern on the abdomen. They can watch for predators or prey fairly easily, since they have eight eyes with six facing to the front, and two on the sides of their head. They will shy away from light since they are photosensitive.
Domestic House Spiders are not aggressive and will stay away from larger creatures like humans. If disturbed or threatened though, they will bite and is known to cause considerable localized pain and lesions around the bitten area. Most healthy adults will not experience symptoms, but children and the elderly may show more serious symptoms such as fatigue and discomfort.
As we have mentioned, most people would prefer that spiders are not in their homes! The best way to keep your peace of mind, is to contact one of our pest professionals in your area for a thorough evaluation and treatment program!